December 1st Events

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December 1st, 2001 (December 01 2001)EventCaptain Bill Compton brings Trans World Airlines Flight 220, an MD-83, into St. Louis International Airport bringing to an end 76 years of TWA operations following TWA s purchase by American Airlines.
December 1st, 1998 (December 01 1998)EventExxon announces a $73.7 billion USD deal to buy Mobil, thus creating Exxon-Mobil, the world s largest company.
December 1st, 1991 (December 01 1991)EventCold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.
December 1st, 1990 (December 01 1990)EventChannel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 meters beneath the seabed.
December 1st, 1989 (December 01 1989)EventRight-wing military rebel Reform the Armed forces Movement (RAM) attempts to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino in a failed bloody coup d etat.
December 1st, 1989 (December 01 1989)EventCold War: East Germany s parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the communist party the leading role in the state.
December 1st, 1988 (December 01 1988)EventBenazir Bhutto is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan.
December 1st, 1982 (December 01 1982)EventAt the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
December 1st, 1981 (December 01 1981)EventA Yugoslavian Inex Adria Aviopromet DC-9 crashes in Corsica killing all 180 people on-board.
December 1st, 1974 (December 01 1974)EventTWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport killing all 92 people on-board.
December 1st, 1974 (December 01 1974)EventNorthwest Orient Airlines Flight 6231, crashes northwest of John F. Kennedy International Airport.John F. Kennedy Quotes
December 1st, 1973 (December 01 1973)EventPapua New Guinea gains self government from Australia.
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)EventCambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)EventIndian Army occupies part of Kashmir.
December 1st, 1969 (December 01 1969)EventVietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.
December 1st, 1965 (December 01 1965)EventThe Border Security Force is formed in India as a special force to guard the borders.
December 1st, 1964 (December 01 1964)EventVietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.Lyndon Johnson Quotes
December 1st, 1963 (December 01 1963)EventNagaland becomes the 16th state of India.
December 1st, 1961 (December 01 1961)EventThe independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
December 1st, 1960 (December 01 1960)EventPaul McCartney and Pete Best arrested then deported from Hamburg, Germany for accusation of attempted arson.Paul McCartney Quotes
December 1st, 1959 (December 01 1959)EventCold War: Antarctic Treaty signed , which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on that continent.
December 1st, 1958 (December 01 1958)EventCentral African Republic becomes independent from France.
December 1st, 1958 (December 01 1958)EventThe Our Lady of the Angels School Fire in Chicago, Illinois kills 92 children and three nuns.
December 1st, 1955 (December 01 1955)EventAmerican Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city s racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
December 1st, 1952 (December 01 1952)EventThe New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.
December 1st, 1941 (December 01 1941)EventWorld War II: Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.
December 1st, 1934 (December 01 1934)EventIn the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergei Kirov is shot dead at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad by Leonid Nikolayev.
December 1st, 1925 (December 01 1925)EventWorld War I aftermath: The final Locarno Treaty is signed in London, establishing post-war territorial settlements.
December 1st, 1919 (December 01 1919)EventLady Astor becomes first female member of the British Parliament to take her seat (she had been elected to that position on November 28).
December 1st, 1918 (December 01 1918)EventTransylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28). National Council of Romanians in Banat had voted for union with the Kingdom of Romania. National Council of Romanians in Transylvania had voted for union with the Kingdom of Romania (see Union of Transylvania with Romania).
December 1st, 1918 (December 01 1918)EventIceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom.
December 1st, 1918 (December 01 1918)EventThe Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.
December 1st, 1913 (December 01 1913)EventThe Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.
December 1st, 1913 (December 01 1913)EventCrete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the first Balkan war, is annexed by Greece.
December 1st, 1884 (December 01 1884)EventAmerican Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
December 1st, 1864 (December 01 1864)EventIn his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.Abraham Lincoln Quotes
December 1st, 1826 (December 01 1826)EventFrench philhellene Fabvier forces his way through the Turkish cordon and ascends the Acropolis of Athens, which had been under siege.
December 1st, 1824 (December 01 1824)EventU.S. presidential election, 1824: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task to decide the winner (as stipulated by the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution).
December 1st, 1822 (December 01 1822)EventPeter I is crowned as Emperor of Brazil.
December 1st, 1821 (December 01 1821)EventThe first constitution of Costa Rica is issued.
December 1st, 1768 (December 01 1768)EventThe slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromoy in Norway.
December 1st, 1640 (December 01 1640)EventEnd of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King Joao IV of Portugal, thus ending a 60 year period of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the House of Habsburg (also called the Philippine Dynasty). The Spanish Habsburgs do not recognize Portugal s new dinasty, the House of Braganza, until 1668.
December 1st, 1420 (December 01 1420)EventHenry V of England enters Paris.
December 1st, 1167 (December 01 1167)EventThe Lombard League is formed in northern Italy.
December 1st, 0800 (December 01 0800)EventCharlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican. Charlemagne Quotes

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