December 1st All Events

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December 1st, 2007 (December 01 2007)DeathAnton Rodgers, British actor (born in 1933)
December 1st, 2006 (December 01 2006)DeathClaude Jade, French actress (born in 1948)
December 1st, 2006 (December 01 2006)DeathBruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist (McGill University) (born in 1937)
December 1st, 2005 (December 01 2005)DeathGust Avrakotos, American intelligence case officer (born in 1938)
December 1st, 2004 (December 01 2004)DeathPrince Bernhard of the Netherlands (born in 1911)
December 1st, 2003 (December 01 2003)DeathClark Kerr, first Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley (born in 1911)
December 1st, 2003 (December 01 2003)DeathEugenio Monti, Italian bobsledder (born in 1928)
December 1st, 2002 (December 01 2002)DeathDave McNally, American baseball player (born in 1942)
December 1st, 2001 (December 01 2001)EventCaptain Bill Compton brings Trans World Airlines Flight 220, an MD-83, into St. Louis International Airport bringing to an end 76 years of TWA operations following TWA s purchase by American Airlines.
December 1st, 2001 (December 01 2001)BirthAiko, Princess Toshi of Japan
December 1st, 2001 (December 01 2001)DeathEllis R Dungan, American born Indian film director (born in 1909)
December 1st, 1998 (December 01 1998)EventExxon announces a $73.7 billion USD deal to buy Mobil, thus creating Exxon-Mobil, the world s largest company.
December 1st, 1998 (December 01 1998)DeathFreddie Young, British cinematographer (born in 1902)
December 1st, 1997 (December 01 1997)DeathStephane Grappelli, French jazz violinist (born in 1908)
December 1st, 1997 (December 01 1997)DeathMichel Belanger, French Canadian businessman and banker (born in 1929)
December 1st, 1997 (December 01 1997)DeathEndicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (born in 1920)
December 1st, 1996 (December 01 1996)DeathPeter Bronfman, Canadian businessman (born in 1928)
December 1st, 1991 (December 01 1991)EventCold War: Ukrainian voters overwhelmingly approve a referendum for independence from the Soviet Union.
December 1st, 1991 (December 01 1991)DeathGeorge Joseph Stigler, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize winner (born in 1911)
December 1st, 1990 (December 01 1990)EventChannel Tunnel sections started from the United Kingdom and France meet 40 meters beneath the seabed.
December 1st, 1989 (December 01 1989)EventRight-wing military rebel Reform the Armed forces Movement (RAM) attempts to oust Philippine President Corazon Aquino in a failed bloody coup d etat.
December 1st, 1989 (December 01 1989)EventCold War: East Germany s parliament abolishes the constitutional provision granting the communist party the leading role in the state.
December 1st, 1989 (December 01 1989)DeathAlvin Ailey, American dancer, choreographer (born in 1931)
December 1st, 1988 (December 01 1988)EventBenazir Bhutto is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan.
December 1st, 1987 (December 01 1987)DeathJames Baldwin, American writer (born in 1924)James Baldwin Quotes
December 1st, 1987 (December 01 1987)DeathPunch Imlach, Canadian ice hockey coach and general manager (born in 1918)
December 1st, 1986 (December 01 1986)DeathLee Dorsey, American R&B singer (born in 1924)
December 1st, 1984 (December 01 1984)DeathRoelof Frankot, Dutch painter (born in 1911)
December 1st, 1982 (December 01 1982)EventAt the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
December 1st, 1981 (December 01 1981)EventA Yugoslavian Inex Adria Aviopromet DC-9 crashes in Corsica killing all 180 people on-board.
December 1st, 1980 (December 01 1980)BirthMohammad Kaif, Indian cricketer
December 1st, 1979 (December 01 1979)BirthRyan Malone, American Hockey Player
December 1st, 1979 (December 01 1979)BirthAngelique Bates, American Actress
December 1st, 1978 (December 01 1978)BirthMat Kearney, American singer and songwriter
December 1st, 1977 (December 01 1977)BirthBrad Delson, American guitarist (Linkin Park)Brad Delson Quotes
December 1st, 1977 (December 01 1977)BirthJared Fogle, American Subway spokesperson
December 1st, 1976 (December 01 1976)BirthMatthew Shepard, American murder victim (died in 1998)
December 1st, 1975 (December 01 1975)BirthSophia Skou, Danish swimmer
December 1st, 1975 (December 01 1975)DeathNellie Fox, American baseball player (born in 1927)
December 1st, 1975 (December 01 1975)DeathAnna E. Roosevelt, American radio personality (born in 1906)
December 1st, 1974 (December 01 1974)EventTWA Flight 514, a Boeing 727, crashes northwest of Dulles International Airport killing all 92 people on-board.
December 1st, 1974 (December 01 1974)EventNorthwest Orient Airlines Flight 6231, crashes northwest of John F. Kennedy International Airport.John F. Kennedy Quotes
December 1st, 1974 (December 01 1974)BirthCostinha, Portuguese footballer
December 1st, 1974 (December 01 1974)BirthDavid Ludwig, American composer
December 1st, 1973 (December 01 1973)EventPapua New Guinea gains self government from Australia.
December 1st, 1973 (December 01 1973)BirthJon Theodore, American musician
December 1st, 1973 (December 01 1973)DeathDavid Ben-Gurion, first Prime Minister of Israel (born in 1886)
December 1st, 1972 (December 01 1972)BirthNorbert Wojtowicz, Polish historian and theologian
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)EventCambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)EventIndian Army occupies part of Kashmir.
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)BirthEmily Mortimer, English actress
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)BirthStephanie Finochio, American professional wrestler
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)BirthMika Pohjola, Finnish jazz pianist and composer
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)BirthDolgorsuren Serjbudee, Mongolian professional wrestler
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)BirthPeter Van de Veire, Belgian radio-presenter
December 1st, 1971 (December 01 1971)BirthJohn Schlimm, American author
December 1st, 1970 (December 01 1970)BirthJouko Ahola, Finnish strongman
December 1st, 1970 (December 01 1970)BirthKirk Rueter, American baseball player
December 1st, 1970 (December 01 1970)BirthSarah Silverman, American actress and comedian
December 1st, 1969 (December 01 1969)EventVietnam War: The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II.
December 1st, 1969 (December 01 1969)DeathMagic Sam, American blues guitarist and singer (born in 1937)
December 1st, 1968 (December 01 1968)BirthJustin Chadwick, British actor and director
December 1st, 1968 (December 01 1968)DeathNicolae Bretan, Romanian opera singer (baryton) and composer born in Transylvania (born in 1887)
December 1st, 1968 (December 01 1968)DeathDario Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer (born in 1921)
December 1st, 1967 (December 01 1967)BirthNestor Carbonell, American actor
December 1st, 1966 (December 01 1966)BirthKatherine LaNasa, American actress
December 1st, 1966 (December 01 1966)BirthLarry Walker, Canadian baseball player
December 1st, 1965 (December 01 1965)EventThe Border Security Force is formed in India as a special force to guard the borders.
December 1st, 1964 (December 01 1964)EventVietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam.Lyndon Johnson Quotes
December 1st, 1964 (December 01 1964)BirthSalvatore Schillaci, Italian footballer
December 1st, 1964 (December 01 1964)DeathJ. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (born in 1892)
December 1st, 1963 (December 01 1963)EventNagaland becomes the 16th state of India.
December 1st, 1963 (December 01 1963)BirthMarco Greco, Brazilian racing driver
December 1st, 1963 (December 01 1963)BirthArjuna Ranatunga, Sri Lankan cricketer
December 1st, 1963 (December 01 1963)BirthNathalie Lambert, Quebec short track speed skater
December 1st, 1962 (December 01 1962)BirthSylvie Daigle, Canadian speed skater
December 1st, 1962 (December 01 1962)BirthJoe Quesada, American comic book writer
December 1st, 1961 (December 01 1961)EventThe independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
December 1st, 1961 (December 01 1961)BirthJeremy Northam, English actor
December 1st, 1961 (December 01 1961)BirthArmin Meiwes, German cannibal
December 1st, 1960 (December 01 1960)EventPaul McCartney and Pete Best arrested then deported from Hamburg, Germany for accusation of attempted arson.Paul McCartney Quotes
December 1st, 1960 (December 01 1960)BirthCarol Alt, American supermodel
December 1st, 1959 (December 01 1959)EventCold War: Antarctic Treaty signed , which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on that continent.
December 1st, 1959 (December 01 1959)BirthBilly Childish, English painter, writer and musician
December 1st, 1959 (December 01 1959)BirthRick Leventhal, American broadcast journalist
December 1st, 1959 (December 01 1959)BirthWally Lewis, Australian rugby league footballer
December 1st, 1958 (December 01 1958)EventCentral African Republic becomes independent from France.
December 1st, 1958 (December 01 1958)EventThe Our Lady of the Angels School Fire in Chicago, Illinois kills 92 children and three nuns.
December 1st, 1958 (December 01 1958)BirthJavier Aguirre, Mexican footballer and coach
December 1st, 1958 (December 01 1958)BirthCharlene Tilton, American actress
December 1st, 1956 (December 01 1956)BirthJulee Cruise, American singer and actress
December 1st, 1955 (December 01 1955)EventAmerican Civil Rights Movement: In Montgomery, Alabama, seamstress Rosa Parks refuses to give her bus seat to a white man and is arrested for violating the city s racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
December 1st, 1955 (December 01 1955)BirthMark Thompson, American disc jockey and actor
December 1st, 1955 (December 01 1955)BirthVeronica Forque, Spanish actress
December 1st, 1954 (December 01 1954)BirthBob Goen, American television host
December 1st, 1954 (December 01 1954)BirthAnnette Haven, American pornographic actress
December 1st, 1954 (December 01 1954)DeathFred Rose, American songwriter and music publishing executive (born in 1897)
December 1st, 1952 (December 01 1952)EventThe New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.
December 1st, 1951 (December 01 1951)BirthJaco Pastorius, American bassist (died in 1987)
December 1st, 1951 (December 01 1951)BirthTreat Williams, American actor
December 1st, 1950 (December 01 1950)BirthKeith Thibodeaux, American actor and drummer
December 1st, 1950 (December 01 1950)DeathE. J. Moeran, English composer (born in 1894)
December 1st, 1949 (December 01 1949)BirthPablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord (died in 1993)
December 1st, 1949 (December 01 1949)BirthSebastian Pinera, Chilean businessman and presidential candidate
December 1st, 1948 (December 01 1948)BirthGeorge Foster, American baseball player
December 1st, 1948 (December 01 1948)BirthTom Wright, English bishop and theologian
December 1st, 1947 (December 01 1947)BirthAlain Bashung, French singer
December 1st, 1947 (December 01 1947)BirthBob Fulton, English-born Australian rugby league footballer
December 1st, 1947 (December 01 1947)DeathAleister Crowley, English occultist (born in 1875)Aleister Crowley Quotes
December 1st, 1947 (December 01 1947)DeathG. H. Hardy, English mathematician (born in 1877)
December 1st, 1946 (December 01 1946)BirthGilbert O Sullivan, Irish singer
December 1st, 1945 (December 01 1945)BirthBette Midler, American actress and singerEric Idle Quotes
December 1st, 1944 (December 01 1944)BirthPierre Arditi, French film and stage actor
December 1st, 1944 (December 01 1944)BirthEric Bloom, American musician (Blue Oyster Cult)
December 1st, 1944 (December 01 1944)BirthJohn Densmore, American drummer (The Doors)
December 1st, 1944 (December 01 1944)BirthTahar Ben Jelloun, French writer of Moroccan origin
December 1st, 1944 (December 01 1944)BirthDaniel Pennac, French writer born in Morocco
December 1st, 1944 (December 01 1944)BirthMichael W. Hagee, 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
December 1st, 1943 (December 01 1943)DeathDamrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (born in 1862)
December 1st, 1942 (December 01 1942)BirthJohn Crowley, American author
December 1st, 1941 (December 01 1941)EventWorld War II: Fiorello La Guardia, Mayor of New York City and Director of the Office of Civilian Defense, signs Administrative Order 9, creating the Civil Air Patrol.
December 1st, 1940 (December 01 1940)BirthRichard Pryor, American actor, comedian (died in 2005)
December 1st, 1939 (December 01 1939)BirthLee Trevino, American golfer
December 1st, 1938 (December 01 1938)BirthSandy Nelson, American drummer
December 1st, 1937 (December 01 1937)BirthMuriel Costa-Greenspon, American mezzo-soprano (died in 2005)
December 1st, 1937 (December 01 1937)BirthChuck Low, American actor
December 1st, 1937 (December 01 1937)BirthVaira Vike-Freiberga, 6th President of Latvia
December 1st, 1935 (December 01 1935)BirthWoody Allen, American film director, actor, and comedianWoody Allen Quotes
December 1st, 1934 (December 01 1934)EventIn the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergei Kirov is shot dead at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad by Leonid Nikolayev.
December 1st, 1934 (December 01 1934)BirthBilly Paul, American singer
December 1st, 1934 (December 01 1934)DeathSergei Kirov, Russian revolutionary (born in 1886)
December 1st, 1933 (December 01 1933)BirthFujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoon artist (died in 1996)
December 1st, 1933 (December 01 1933)BirthLou Rawls, American singer (died in 2006)
December 1st, 1932 (December 01 1932)BirthMatt Monro, English singer (died in 1985)
December 1st, 1931 (December 01 1931)BirthJimmy Lyons, American musician (died in 1986)
December 1st, 1931 (December 01 1931)BirthJim Nesbitt, singer (died in 2007)
December 1st, 1930 (December 01 1930)BirthJoachim Hoffmann, German historian (died in 2002)
December 1st, 1928 (December 01 1928)BirthEmily McLaughlin, American actress (died in 1991)
December 1st, 1928 (December 01 1928)DeathJose Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (born in 1888)
December 1st, 1926 (December 01 1926)BirthRobert Symonds, American actor (died in 2007)
December 1st, 1925 (December 01 1925)EventWorld War I aftermath: The final Locarno Treaty is signed in London, establishing post-war territorial settlements.
December 1st, 1925 (December 01 1925)BirthMartin Rodbell, American scientist, Nobel laureate (died in 1998)
December 1st, 1923 (December 01 1923)BirthStansfield Turner, American admiral and CIA director
December 1st, 1923 (December 01 1923)BirthMorris, Belgian cartoonist (Lucky Luke) (died in 2001)
December 1st, 1923 (December 01 1923)DeathVirginie Loveling, Belgian writer and poet (born in 1836)
December 1st, 1922 (December 01 1922)BirthVsevolod Bobrov, Soviet ice hockey player (died in 1979)
December 1st, 1922 (December 01 1922)BirthPaul Picerni, American actor
December 1st, 1919 (December 01 1919)EventLady Astor becomes first female member of the British Parliament to take her seat (she had been elected to that position on November 28).
December 1st, 1918 (December 01 1918)EventTransylvania unites with Romania, following the incorporation of Bessarabia (March 27) and Bukovina (November 28). National Council of Romanians in Banat had voted for union with the Kingdom of Romania. National Council of Romanians in Transylvania had voted for union with the Kingdom of Romania (see Union of Transylvania with Romania).
December 1st, 1918 (December 01 1918)EventIceland becomes a sovereign state, yet remains a part of the Danish kingdom.
December 1st, 1918 (December 01 1918)EventThe Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) is proclaimed.
December 1st, 1917 (December 01 1917)BirthMarty Marion, American baseball player and manager
December 1st, 1916 (December 01 1916)DeathCharles de Foucauld, French religious leader (born in 1858)
December 1st, 1913 (December 01 1913)EventThe Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.
December 1st, 1913 (December 01 1913)EventCrete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the first Balkan war, is annexed by Greece.
December 1st, 1913 (December 01 1913)BirthMary Martin, American actor and singer (died in 1990)
December 1st, 1912 (December 01 1912)BirthMinoru Yamasaki, American architect (died in 1986) Saki Quotes
December 1st, 1911 (December 01 1911)BirthWalter Alston, American baseball manager (died in 1984)
December 1st, 1911 (December 01 1911)BirthCalvin Griffith, Canadian-born baseball executive (died in 1999)
December 1st, 1910 (December 01 1910)BirthAlicia Markova, English ballerina (died in 2004)
December 1st, 1908 (December 01 1908)BirthGeorgios Kasassoglou, Greek musician (died in 1984)
December 1st, 1905 (December 01 1905)BirthAlexander Wilson, Canadian and Notre Dame athlete (died in 1994)
December 1st, 1901 (December 01 1901)BirthIlona Feher, Hungarian-Jewish violinist (died in 1988)
December 1st, 1896 (December 01 1896)BirthGeorgy Zhukov, Russian general & Marshal of the Soviet Union (died in 1974)Georgy Zhukov Quotes
December 1st, 1895 (December 01 1895)BirthHenry Williamson, English author (died in 1977)Henry Williamson Quotes
December 1st, 1886 (December 01 1886)BirthRex Stout, American author (died in 1975)Rex Stout Quotes
December 1st, 1884 (December 01 1884)EventAmerican Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
December 1st, 1884 (December 01 1884)BirthKarl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (died in 1976)
December 1st, 1884 (December 01 1884)DeathWilliam Swainson (lawyer), second, and last, Attorney-General (New Zealand) of the Crown Colony of New Zealand (born in 1809)
December 1st, 1873 (December 01 1873)BirthValery Bryusov, Russian poet (died in 1924)
December 1st, 1869 (December 01 1869)BirthEligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (died in 1923)
December 1st, 1866 (December 01 1866)DeathGeorge Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest (died in 1790)
December 1st, 1865 (December 01 1865)DeathAbraham Emanuel Frohlich, Swiss poet (born in 1796) Abraham Quotes
December 1st, 1864 (December 01 1864)EventIn his State of the Union Address President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the necessity of ending slavery as ordered ten weeks earlier in the Emancipation Proclamation.Abraham Lincoln Quotes
December 1st, 1844 (December 01 1844)BirthAlexandra of Denmark, Danish Queen Consort of Edward VII of the United Kingdom (died in 1925)
December 1st, 1830 (December 01 1830)DeathPope Pius VIII (born in 1761)
December 1st, 1826 (December 01 1826)EventFrench philhellene Fabvier forces his way through the Turkish cordon and ascends the Acropolis of Athens, which had been under siege.
December 1st, 1825 (December 01 1825)DeathTsar Alexander I of Russia (born in 1777)
December 1st, 1824 (December 01 1824)EventU.S. presidential election, 1824: Since no candidate received a majority of the total electoral college votes in the election, the United States House of Representatives is given the task to decide the winner (as stipulated by the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution).
December 1st, 1822 (December 01 1822)EventPeter I is crowned as Emperor of Brazil.
December 1st, 1821 (December 01 1821)EventThe first constitution of Costa Rica is issued.
December 1st, 1792 (December 01 1792)BirthNikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky, Russian mathematician (died in 1856)
December 1st, 1768 (December 01 1768)EventThe slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromoy in Norway.
December 1st, 1767 (December 01 1767)DeathHenry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (born in 1710)
December 1st, 1766 (December 01 1766)BirthNikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (died in 1826)
December 1st, 1761 (December 01 1761)BirthMarie Tussaud, French creator of wax sculptures (Madame Tussauds) (died in 1850)
December 1st, 1755 (December 01 1755)DeathMaurice Greene, English composer (born in 1696)
December 1st, 1750 (December 01 1750)DeathJohan Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (born in 1671)
December 1st, 1743 (December 01 1743)BirthMartin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist (died in 1817)
December 1st, 1729 (December 01 1729)DeathGiacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer (born in 1665)
December 1st, 1723 (December 01 1723)DeathSusanna Centlivre, English dramatist and actress
December 1st, 1716 (December 01 1716)BirthEtienne-Maurice Falconet, French sculptor (died in 1791)
December 1st, 1709 (December 01 1709)DeathAbraham a Sancta Clara, Austrian preacher (born in 1644) Abraham Quotes
December 1st, 1707 (December 01 1707)DeathJeremiah Clarke, English composer (born in 1674)
December 1st, 1690 (December 01 1690)BirthPhilip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (died in 1764)
December 1st, 1660 (December 01 1660)DeathPierre d Hozier, French historian (born in 1592)
December 1st, 1640 (December 01 1640)EventEnd of the Iberian Union: Portugal acclaims as King Joao IV of Portugal, thus ending a 60 year period of personal union of the crowns of Portugal and Spain and the end of the rule of the House of Habsburg (also called the Philippine Dynasty). The Spanish Habsburgs do not recognize Portugal s new dinasty, the House of Braganza, until 1668.
December 1st, 1633 (December 01 1633)DeathInfanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (born in 1566)
December 1st, 1602 (December 01 1602)DeathKobayakawa Hideaki, Japanese samurai and warlord (born in 1582)
December 1st, 1581 (December 01 1581)DeathEdmund Campion, English Jesuit (martyred) (born in 1540)
December 1st, 1581 (December 01 1581)DeathRalph Sherwin, English Catholic saint (born in 1550)
December 1st, 1581 (December 01 1581)DeathAlexander Briant, English saint (born in around 1556)
December 1st, 1580 (December 01 1580)BirthNicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (died in 1637)
December 1st, 1580 (December 01 1580)DeathGiovanni Morone, Italian cardinal (born in 1509)
December 1st, 1530 (December 01 1530)DeathMargaret of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands (born in 1480)
December 1st, 1525 (December 01 1525)BirthTadeas Hajek, Czech physician and astronomer (died in 1600)
December 1st, 1521 (December 01 1521)BirthTakeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (died in 1573)
December 1st, 1521 (December 01 1521)DeathPope Leo X (born in 1475)
December 1st, 1455 (December 01 1455)DeathLorenzo Ghiberti, Italian artist and metal smith (born in 1378)
December 1st, 1433 (December 01 1433)DeathEmperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (born in 1377)
December 1st, 1420 (December 01 1420)EventHenry V of England enters Paris.
December 1st, 1377 (December 01 1377)DeathKing Magnus II of Sweden (born in 1316)
December 1st, 1241 (December 01 1241)DeathIsabella of England, wife of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (born in 1214)
December 1st, 1167 (December 01 1167)EventThe Lombard League is formed in northern Italy.
December 1st, 1135 (December 01 1135)DeathHenry I of England
December 1st, 1083 (December 01 1083)BirthAnna Comnena, Byzantine historian (died in 1153)Anna Comnena Quotes
December 1st, 1081 (December 01 1081)BirthLouis VI of France (died in 1137)
December 1st, 0800 (December 01 0800)EventCharlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican. Charlemagne Quotes

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